Industrial music is closely associated with the Goth scene - many events are billed as 'Goth/Industrial'; festivals cater for Industrial tastes as well as Goth; and in some cases Goth and Industrial music fans may be visually almost indistinguishable from each other. A Goth may listen to a lot of Industrial music, and I don't doubt that there are Industrial fans who also listen to Goth.
To those who are not involved in either culture, the two may be thought of as interchangeable. But whilst the two scenes are very closely interlinked, each is definitely representive of a separate subculture in its own right.
Industrial music developed during the same era as post-punk, and could be described as 'experimental', 'challenging' and 'harsh'. The Allmusic website defines Industrial thus, "the most abrasive and aggressive fusion of rock and electronic music"; "initially a blend of avant-garde electronics experiments (tape music, musique concrète, white noise, synthesizers, sequencers, etc.) and punk provocation." Lyrical content is often dark or disturbing, spanning topics from fascism to serial killings. Modern Industrial music often includes military themes. Early Industrial musicians incorporated art forms such as performance art and art installations into their production.
The term 'Industrial' came about when seminal band Throbbing Gristle began their own record label, the creatively-named Industrial Records. Nowadays there are many subgenres associated with Industrial, such as electro-Industrial (a combination of Industrial with cybergoth-beloved EBM), power electronics, aggrotech and harsh or terror EBM.
Industrial music fans are often known as rivetheads, a name they earned because of the sounds of machinery and changing gears often sampled in their music of choice. Rivethead fashion has a futuristic feel to it; it tends to be monochrome, macho, and rough-round-the-edges. It is often simpler and more minimalistic than many commonly-seen Goth fashions.
Fashion expert and co-author of Gothic: Dark Glamour Valerie Steele's description of the subculture seems to be a reasonably accurate one: "In contrast to the old-style Goth look, which was androgynous, the male industrial look was tough and military, with a sci-fi edge. Industrial men often dated Goth women. The men wore goggles, band T-shirts, black trousers or military cargo pants in black, military accessories, such as dog-tags, heavy boots, and goggles. Their hair was short. Industrial women, who were fewer in number, tended to wear waist-cinching corsets, small tank tops or 'wife-beaters,' trousers, and sometimes suspenders hanging down off the pants. They also wore goggles and sometimes shaved their heads."
|Industrial-inspired fashion from Plastik Wrap|
Many rivetheads are only interested in the 'Industrial' aspect of 'Goth/Industrial' and do not consider themselves affiliated with Goth culture, despite the strong bonds between the two scenes and the large number of crossover events. It probably doesn't help that due to the futuristic qualities of rivethead fashion and Industrial music, rivetheads are often linked with the cybergoth sub-genre; however Industrial music tends to be harsher, heavier, and more military-inspired than the bleepy and often bouncy synthpop and futurepop genres commonly associated with cybergoth. Rivethead fashion has a more post-apocalyptic and again military feel to it than the skimpy neon spandex sported by the cyber tribes, and bright colours are rarely, if ever, seen. Stereotypically, although not necessarily in fact, rivetheads are not overly fond of their cybergoth 'brethren'.
|Not so much the two lovely ladies, but the guys in this picture (particularly Mr. Second-From-The-Left) have a very rivethead-ish look about them.|