Part five, already? How the time flies!
We've already talked about darkwave and new wave, but there are several other variants of Goth music that utilise the suffix 'wave'. Don't ask me why. Now, because I'm pretending to seem organised, I'm going to throw all those 'wave' genres that I haven't yet covered together for this post, plus some closely-related genres.
Coldwave is the French variant of darkwave, Goth rock and post-punk music, inspired by groups such as Joy Division and Siouxsie and the Banshees. Musicians playing in this style generally hail from France, South Belgium and Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). Some bands from this genre also take influence from Industrial music and even disco. The original coldwave groups did not usually sing in English.
Coldwave bands include: Marquis De Sade, Asylum Party, Clair Obscur, The Breath of Life, Kas Product, Little Nemo, Opera de Nuit, Siglo XX, The Soft Moon, Norma Loy.
Ethereal wave is also called ethereal darkwave, ethereal Goth, or simply ethereal, and is a subgenre of darkwave music. This kind of music is typified by atmospheric guitar soundscapes, including sound effects like echo and delay. The vocals are often breathy; the lyrics hard to decipher (but we know they're introspective...). The sound is strongly influenced by ambient music, and ethereal wave as a genre is closely related to shoegazing and dream pop.
Ethereal wave bands include: Autumn, Faith & Disease, Autumn's Grey Solace, Love Spirals Downwards, Black tape for a blue girl, Lycia, Mors Syphilitica, Soul Whirling Somewhere, Tearwave, This Mortal Coil.
Ambient music is a genre that is often organised or performed to create an atmospheric or 'unobtrusive' quality, and its roots could be said to go back to 'anti-music' art movements that arose in the early 20th century, around the time of the first World War. Brian Eno, a forerunner in the genre, is generally credited with coining the term 'Ambient Music', and he described it as music that can be either "actively listened to with attention or as easily ignored, depending on the choice of the listener", existing, "on the cusp between melody and texture." Other significant artists in the genre include Mike Oldfield, Jean Michael Jarre and Vangelis - I suspect more than a few Goths listen to them, so they could probably be classed Goth-friendly.
However, ambient music's main contribution to Goth culture was to bestow us with the subgenre 'dark ambient', which is a general term for any kind of ambient music with a 'dark' feel, often using sounds such as deep drones, echoing thunder and distant artillery, giving it an eerie feel. It is sometimes known as 'isolationist ambient'.
Dark ambient bands include: Aphex Twin, Arcana, Atrium Carceri, Black Funeral, Controlled Bleeding, Desiderii Marginis, False Mirror, Fredrik Klingwall, Leviathan, Midnight Syndicate.
Ambient Industrial emerged out of Industrial music during the 1980s, using noise and shock tactics traditionally used by Industrial artists. Ambient Industrial is described as often having 'strong occultist tendencies, with a particular leaning towards Chaos Magick, giving the music a ritualistic flavour'.
Bands who produce this kind of music are generally not limited by genre; releasing one or two albums in this style before discovering a different sound - Wikipedia describes this as being 'eclectic in their output'.
Ambient Industrial bands include: Cabaret Voltaire, Coil, Lustmord, Lab Report, Nocturnal Emissions, Zoviet France, Deutsch Nepal, Hafler Trio, CTI, Robin Rimbaud.
Neue Deutsche Welle
Neue Deutsche Welle, or New German Wave, is often abbreviated NDW and refers to a genre of German music originally derived from punk rock and new wave music. It began as an underground movement in the late 70s, and developed into a distinct style, strongly influenced by the sound and rhythm of the German language. This style is considered to have inspired developments in genres such as electroclash, EBM (electronic body music) and dance-punk.
Note: Over the last decade, the term NDW has been used by a German rap label, Aggro Berlin, to describe a new German rap movement. Ignore them, they're being silly.
NDW musicians include: Xmal Deutschland, Einsturzende Neubauten, DAF, Malaria!, Kraftwerk, Nina Hagen, Liasons Dangereuses, Abwarts, Fehlfarben, The Wirtschaftswunder.
Goth gossip: Unlikely Goth alert! Mary-Kate Olsen stars as Goth-fashion-clad witch in new movie Beastly, based on the YA novel of the same name by Alex Flinn. The trailer doesn't look too bad, but I have read the book, so my one gripe is that MK's character should have had green hair... Beastly is due in cinemas on 4th March 2011 - yep, tomorrow.